Long before the Revolution, the British and the French both claimed Crown Point in the struggle for a North American empire. Four failed campaigns to oust the French between 1755 and 1758 were mounted by the British. It was not until 1759, however, that the abandoned French Fort St. Frederic was taken over by the British. The British immediately began construction of "His Majesty's Fort of Crown Point." This extremely ambitious fortification complex contributed to the British conquest of Canada, the last French stronghold, and control of Lake Champlain as a communication highway. In 1775, at the outbreak of the Revolutionary War, the rebellious colonists captured the fort and secured sorely needed cannons and heavy ordnance. Crown Point was occupied by General John Burgoyne's army in 1777 after the American evacuation to Mount Independence and remained under British control until the end of the war. The ruins of Fort St. Frederic, "His Majesty's Fort of Crown Point," and surrounding lands were acquired by the State of New York in 1910. Today, visitors can explore the ruins of the original 18th-century structures and tour the newly renovated museum which includes an auditorium where visitors can watch an award-winning multimedia orientation program before touring the exhibits and grounds. Across the street, the historic Crown Point Pier and Champlain Memorial Lighthouse also beautifully restored last year are open to the public. - See more at: http://parks.ny.gov/historic-sites/34/details.aspx
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